Tea is one of the industries, which by an Act of Parliament comes under the control of the Union Govt. The genesis of the Tea Board India dates back to 1903 when the Indian Tea Cess Bill was passed. The present Tea Board is functioning as a statutory body of the Central Government under the Ministry of Commerce. The Board is constituted of 31 members (including Chairman) drawn from Members of Parliament, tea producers, tea traders, tea brokers, consumers, and representatives of Governments from the principal tea producing states, and trade unions .The Board is reconstituted every three years.
The Tea Board has wide functions and responsibilities under the direction of the Central Government. Briefly the primary functions of the Tea Board are a) Rendering financial and technical assistance for cultivation, manufacture and marketing of tea; b) Export Promotion; Aiding Research and Development activities for augmentation of tea production and improvement of tea quality; d) Extend financial assistance in a limited way to the plantation workers and their wards through labour welfare schemes; e) To encourage and assist both financially and technically the unorganised small growers sector; Collection and maintenance of Statistical data and publication; g) Such other activities as are assigned from time to time by the Central Government.